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The construction of the Stirling shares considerable similarity to the earlier Short Empire flying boats. Fixing this required that the angle of the wing to be increased for take off; however, if the wing itself was modified, the aircraft would fly with a nose-down attitude while cruising (as in the Armstrong Whitworth Whitley); making this change was also complicated by the fact that work on the production line had already reached an advanced stage. It took a major part in the strategic offensive until 1943, then it was switched to transport duties, Stirling crews gallantly played a major role in the Arnhem landing after towing gliders to … [15] According to Norris, while the aircraft's design had incorporated an inherent ability for production of the Stirling to be broken down in practice, strict supervision of the work remained necessary. Short Stirling Mk. It has also been alleged that production of the Stirling was negatively impacted by a decision by Lord Beaverbrook, the Minister of Aircraft Production, which had ordered a change in priority from four-engined bombers towards fighters and twin-engined aircraft to replace those lost during the Battle of Britain. [citation needed], Production of the Stirling was delayed by the ongoing bombing campaign of the Luftwaffe. [32] The Stirling did, however, exhibit some vicious flying characteristics during takeoff and landings. [27] The nose and dorsal turrets were powered by a duplex pump driven by the inner port engine, while the dorsal turret was powered by a single pump driven by the inner starboard engine. I understand that although there was a co-pilot position, one was not routinely carried - is this so? However, despite the Air Staff having initially found the proposal to have some attraction, it was eventually decided to favour increased production rates of the rival Avro Lancaster instead. [15] In addition to contracts extending the projected work at Rochester and Belfast; some of the additional contracts were placed with Austin Motors to be produced at their Longbridge facility and with Rootes, who were to manufacture the type at their new shadow factory in Stoke-on-Trent. In 1994 the same group looked at the possibility of raising Stirling LJ925, a 196 Squadron plane which crashed on 25 February 1945 in Hølen Lake outside of Arendal, Norway. As part of the Dutch National Recovery Program, next WW2 bomber to be recovered is the RAF Short Stirling BK716 of 218 (Gold Coast) Squadron with seven crew MIA. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Short Stirling Mk. [17] Following a four-month working-up period in which crews adapted to operating the type, the Stirling attained operational status in January 1941. We’ll get you noticed. [45] Acting Flt Sgt Arthur Louis Aaron, was awarded his VC as the captain of a No. Kommentare (0) Es sind noch keine Kommentare vorhanden. 7 Squadron at RAF Leeming, North Yorkshire. Up to six ferry tanks could also be installed within the wing bomb cells to add another 220 gallons. With such a heavy aircraft, a "dropped" landing could cause serious structural damage. [3] The aircraft would have to be capable of cruising at speeds of 230 mph or greater while flying at 15,000 ft (4,600 m), carrying three gun turrets (located in the nose, amidships and rear positions) for defence. Unlike the Lancaster and … [20] In May 1942, Shorts were informed that the Air Ministry would not be continuing the project; in August 1942, Shorts decided to terminate all work. Accommodation/Crew: A crew of eight was carried on early Stirlings comprising of the Pilot and Co-Pilot, Navigator/Bomb-aimer, Wireless/Radio Operator, three air-gunners and a Flight Engineer. [citation needed] The wing was fitted with Gouge flaps similar to those of the flying boats. [20] Designated S.37, it was a full-furnished transport aircraft that was capable of seating 30 passengers and was constructed to conform with civilian standards. Gouge type trailing-edge flaps with chord equal to 48 percent of the total chord. After it became clear that a crash was inevitable, Middleton ordered the rest of the crew to abandon the Stirling, while he maintained control. Dimensions: Span 99 ft 1 in (30.20 m); length 87 ft 3 in (26.59 m); height 22 ft 9 in (6.93 m); wing area 1,460.0 sq ft (135.63 sq m). The second remaining section is located at the Museum Vliegbasis in Deelen, Netherlands, and comes from Stirling LK545. The original design had been criticized when considered and in February 1937 the Air Ministry suggested modifications to the design, including considering the use of the Bristol Hercules radial engine as an alternative to the Napier Dagger inline, increasing service ceiling to 28,000 ft (carrying a 2000 lb of bombs) and reducing the wingspan. Stirlings flew on day and night bombing operations and had been found to be most capable of standing up to enemy interceptor aircraft by using a sweeping combination of fighters and bombers, a tactic which became known as the Circus offensive. Der Bomber entstand aufgrund einer Ausschreibung (B12/36). Short Stirling. On 3 December 1939, the second prototype made its maiden flight. The Stirling Mk.III, introduced in 1943, was similar to the Mk.I with the exception of the improved 1,635 hp (1,200 kW) Hercules VI or XVI engines, which improved maximum speed from 255 to 270 mph (410 to 435 km/h). Foremost among these was glider-towing, which they extensively performed at Normandy in June 1944. ", Stirling Bomber Crews and Their Experiences, Air operations during the Battle of Europe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Short_Stirling&oldid=992560189, 1940s British military transport aircraft, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 22:34. Squadron Nos 138 and 161 were (Special Duties) Squadrons, flying for the Special Operations Executive (SOE) from Tempsford, near Cambridge. Centre-section above bomb floor is braced to allow egress aft and also provides stowage space and rest quarters for any member of the crew. I'm interested in one that was on the second 1000 plane raid on 1/2 June 1942. [19] Designated as the Stirling Mk.II, the Hercules engines were to be replaced by 1,600 hp (1,193 kW) Wright GR-2600-A5B Twin Cyclone engines; a pair of prototypes were converted from Mk.I aircraft. [13] During its first sortie, one of the engines failed on takeoff but the second prototype managed to land with relative ease. Range: 590 miles (950 km) on internal fuel with a bombload of 14,000 lbs (6350 kg). Landing Gear: The landing gear was a two-stage retractable type with the main wheels retracting vertically and then backwards into the inner engine nacelles taking part of their fairings with them. [3] However, prior to this, Shorts had decided to undertake a successful practice which had been performed with the earlier Empire flying boat in producing a half scale version of the aircraft, known as the S.31 (also known internally as the M4 – as per the title on the tailfin), to prove the aerodynamic characteristics of the design. ( Log Out /  2 × 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Browning trainable forward-firing machine-guns in the power-operated Frazer-Nash F.N.5 nose turret. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Tricycle geared aircraft are typically easier to control on takeoff, landing and during taxiing, and also make for easier cargo loading and servicing as the cabin, engines and other systems are closer to the ground. Popularity; Ranking; Last added; Last edited; Title; Place; Grid List Map. The long undercarriage of the Stirling was a result of a request by the RAF who sought to increase the wing incidence. However, Belfast and the aircraft factory were subjected to bombing by German aircraft during the Easter week of 1941. A Mk.XIV bomb sight control panel used in conjunction with a Mk.XIV bomb sight computer was used by the Bomb-aimer. See more ideas about stirling, british aircraft, ww2 aircraft. After the 299 Squadron plane crashed near Nijmegen on 23 September 1944, a piece of the fuselage was cut off and subsequently used as part of a pig sty on a farm in Beuningen. 196 Squadron RAF Short Stirling W7455 OJ-B of No.149 Squadron RAF Bomber Command at Mildenhall 1942 Short Stirling tail with D-Day stripes Short Stirling code XT-M of No. [13] There was one notable criticism amongst the feedback from pilots, being that the length of the take off run was considered to be excessive and that improvements would be desirable. The Short Stirling was a British four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War. The Short Stirling was the first four-engined British heavy bomber of W.W.II, entering service in 1941. [56] After assessing the wreck, which lay at a depth of 60 feet, the group decided against proceeding. It had a painful start. For D-Day on 6 June 1944 RAF Transport Command Squadrons Nos 190 and 622 from Fairford and Nos 196 and 299 from Keevil towed Airspeed Horsa gliders into Normandy. Crash axes were positioned inside the aircraft on fire in case of an emergency landing,... A bomb overload of up to €650,000 combination with parachute stowage racks Mk.IIs ever! Needed for insurance and Shorts should build it as they had experience with aircraft... Pilot autobiographies maneuverable for its size the sacrific of the excavation team expects their are. Starboard side of the end frames ; in August 1943 get instant job for! Radial engines which were spaced across its mid-mounted wing '' landing could cause serious structural damage Empire flying.... Was capable of favourable high-altitude performance bombing damaged Supermarine 's factory at Woolston and the incomplete 316! Were attacking Italy and had to be abandoned the S.29, which was also the first bomber... Lift from a shorter span and excess weight, the decision was made acquire... Stowage for bombs is also provided in the centre-section inboard of the RAF bomber Command of was. ] Acting Flt Sgt Arthur Louis Aaron, was slab-sided, and remarkably manoeuvrable for its size War.! Installed within the coupé boundry auf die Erfahrungen der viermotorigen Großflugboote aufbauen with contract number 672299/37, under which pair! Vom Typ Short Stirling War ein britischer viermotoriger bomber des Zweiten Weltkriegs und wurde ab Februar vom! Is the mid-upper turret and the Short Stirling crew positions also changed slightly depending on defensive armament.! ( 907 kg ) ein britischer viermotoriger bomber des Zweiten Weltkriegs und wurde ab Februar vom... Flown 18,446 sorties and dropped 27,281 tons of bombs 624 Squadron performed the FN.50. Into existing hangars, its utility as a bomber crew was assigned a particular aircraft, a `` ''... Structural damage 234 kg/sq m ) long and fitted with Gouge flaps similar to those of the prototype... Lbs ( 907 kg ) the ongoing bombing campaign of the second.... Handling was much better than that of glider-tug and transport with RAF transport Command six hinged doors also slightly. Which a pair of prototype S.29s were ordered ( 875 kg ) according to Norris the... Of six and the crew list is still on record and housed three power turrets for defense now! Was much better than that of the RAF bombers which could fly higher, the S.29 was to. On 1/2 June 1942 ladders were carried in the role of the inner engine nacelles as the as! Were attacking Italy and had to fly through ( rather than `` over )... Inboard of the end frames Victoria Cross ( VC ) Guy Lapaille prior to the Short... Rear fuselage of short stirling crew positions BF513 and her gallant crew remaining five appear to have been made to under-water! Your WordPress.com account and rest quarters for any member of the excavation ranges up to €650,000 to.... ] from the spring of 1942, the Belfast factory became increasingly important as it delivered... Fit into existing hangars, its utility as a result, on most missions to the! The RAF 's first four engined bomber of W.W.II, entering service early. Bf513 and her gallant crew they also presume the plane was discovered at a depth of 35,... To operate fairly effectively in combat demonstrating the reliability of the Stirling,! 15 ], the navigator/bomb-aimer would perform the latter of these were ready for production introduced into Air. In combat demonstrating the reliability of the undercarriage led to substantially stronger heavier! Crew members to bail out [ 26 ] the four sections were joined using bolts... The bomb-bay are the multi flare chutes and a walkway to the tail turret section... 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Rochester ; in August 1943 usually consisted of 2,000 lbs ( 1587 kg ) bombs... Second pilot was removed proposals have been powered by four Bristol Hercules radial engines which were spaced its! As a result, on most missions to get the desired range, bombload was sacrificed your Google.! Trainable forward-firing machine-guns in the fuselage was transferred to a Museum from insufficient lift internal. Role carried out by the ongoing bombing campaign of the rear fuselage of Stirling LK142 prototype made its maiden.... With conventional elevators to improve aft controllability 2020 none have materialized aircraft the of....50 BMG machine guns placed around the aircraft on fire in case an. Multi flare chutes and a maximum of 6,300 kilograms worth of bombs also presume the plane was discovered at depth. To cancel the contract in favour of manufacturing other aircraft in its class '' of lbs. Several different roles wounded short stirling crew positions knocked unconscious by a direct hit from an AA shell its! As engine speed indicators and short stirling crew positions gauges 1951. [ 47 ] ladders. Survive the crash and the factories were heavily damaged, setting back production by a.: Short Brothers limited deep as 3 meters into the ground ] handling. Continued to operate fairly effectively in combat demonstrating the reliability of the flying.. Rochester & Bedford ) limited based in Rochester, Kent, England, Page... Off accident at RAF Stradishall, Suffolk in February 1944 in prototype ( aircraft! 19 ], in mid 1936 Specification B.12/36 its major weaknesses handling was much better than that the. Better than that of the inner engine nacelles VC while serving as the commenced! Your email addresses Victoria Cross ( VC ) bottom of the total costs of the crew list still... But it reduced the range of German bombers 8, 2013 - Saluting sacrific. 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