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Because the soil was rich in the Middle colonies, farmers were able to grow more grain than they could use. Perhaps one of the most important circumstances of the New World was the varying climate. The Middle Colonies consisted of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of … the Breadbasket. needed to stock and repair ships. beautiful goods. Name the Middle Colonies. The Middle Colonies were composed of what is today the states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. Manhattan flourished under the Dutch. This edition of Mr. Zoller's Social Studies Podcasts focuses on England's thirteen original colonies in the new world. Most of their inhabitants were farmers. Report an issue . They began selling grain to other colonies and to England, shipping out of the big ports in Philadelphia and New York. In 1680, the king gave William Penn 45,000 square miles of land, which became Pennsylvania. The Middle Colonies included Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. New York became a royal colony in 1685. The Middle Colonies consisted of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, and Delaware. Middle Colonies Facts The Middle Colonies included Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. Virginia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, the Carolinas and Georgia were all founded by Englishmen, settled by people of English descent and remained under English control throughout the colonial period. In most colonies the church was the school and town hall. This would cause New York and Pennsylvania to grow rapidly. Middle Colonies: Geography • The Middle Colonies formed a region of contrasts – New Jersey and Delaware lie on the Atlantic Coastal Plain – New York and Pennsylvania stretch across the Appalachians. were under construction. There was a dark side to all of In many ways, Pennsylvania and Delaware owed their initial success to William Penn. A lot of the success of Pennsylvania and Delaware is owed to William Penn. Colonial - Free Presentations in PowerPoint format. Middle colonies tg.qxd 10/16/02 11:30 AM Page 6. Religious diversity was most prevalent here for several reasons. streets, targeting anyone really, but especially fashionable However, the diversity among the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies and the Southern Colonies is perhaps what made them so distinctive. from the New World to the Caribbean islands and returned with New Jersey was named after the English Isle of Jersey. New York, originally called New Amsterdam, was given to the Duke of York. For Kids. Beginning in 1609, Dutch traders explored and established fur trading posts on the Hudson River, Delaware River, and Connecticut River, … They were called the breadbasket of the colonies because of the grain that was grown there. King Charles II gave the colony to his brother the Duke of York for whom it is named. These colonies were known as the "breadbasket" because of the large amounts of barley, wheat, oats, and rye that were grown here. Many immigrants to the Middle Colonies wanted the chance to make a new life and buy their own land. Delaware was named for the Delaware tribe, and for Lord de la Warr, an early Virginia governor. They were not indentured servants (indentured servants had to work off their cost of transport to an 'employer'). Coopers made thousands of barrels for The Middle Colonies were more diverse than colonies in New England and the South. New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania. Blackline Master #2, Post-Test 1. Pennsylvania. Following the American Revolution, the Middle Colonies became the states of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York and Delaware. Because of this, the middle colonies became known as the Breadbasket colonies. Pennsylvania The thirteen colonies, which were divided into 3 regions, were all different and unique in many ways. wealthy merchants and poor and enslaved workers, and life for They began selling grain to other colonies and to England, shipping out of the big ports in Philadelphia and New York. The Middle Colonies produced a large amount of wheat, corn, pork, and beef, among other trade goods. The name of the colony was changed to New York in honor of the Duke. answer choices . Because of the good farmland and agriculture the Middle Colonies became known as the 'breadbasket' of the three colony regions. Another popular means of travel, especially in the southern colonies, was by horseback. Ships docked at the New York Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey all became states in December, 1787, and New York became a state in July of 1788. The English colonies of New York (NY), New Jersey (NJ), Pennsylvania (PA) and Delaware (DE) are referred to as the 'middle colonies'. the Garden Colonies. to boom with trade. New York The colony was founded in 1664 by the Duke of York. many had moved from pleasant to tense. answer choices . The Middle Colonies were large producers of iron ore products such as kettles, pots, plows, tools, and nails, much of which was exported to England. Major towns in Pennsylvania Colony included Philadelphia, Lancaster, and York. Because the soil was rich in the Middle colonies, farmers were able to grow more grain than they could use. New York. Still, port towns continued There were mills to grind grain, sugar refineries, harbor in huge numbers, fighting for space to unload. The Middle Colonies. this. the Big Apple. SURVEY . The northern and southern American colonies had plenty of differences, but one thing they all pretty much had in common was ancestry. Pennsylvania eventually became the gateway for Scottish-Irish immigrants in the 1700s. They did not like the English and chose to head for the back country - away from the towns where they could hunt and farm. New ships This is because the climate of the middle colonies was extremely warm, allowing them to farm much easier than the New England colonies, and the south, which was good for growing cash crops because of it's hot weather. These colonies were created to be more tolerant to various religious beliefs, and the population grew to include a variety of backgrounds such as Italian, Germans, Dutch, French, Danes, Swedish, Norwegians, Poles, and Portuguese. Photographs and description of the Dutch Colonies. coarse brown sugar. The Middle Colonies were the most religiously diverse of the colonies. Chandlers were merchants who sold everything Farms flourished and craftsmen established successful businesses. streets clean and safe. In the middle and southern colonies, where there was more religious diversity, Anglicans, Roman Catholics, Lutherans, Moravians and other groups introduced their … The North American continent was … This led to prosperity among the new American residents. In 1664 New Netherland was absorbed by the English and renamed New York. Although the Netherlands only controlled the Hudson River Valley from 1609 until 1664, in that short time, Dutch entrepreneurs established New Netherland, a series of trading posts, towns, and forts up and down the Hudson River that laid the groundwork for towns that still exist today. It was the connector colonies that connected the New England Colonies with the Southern Colonies. Under his guidance, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly … The mid-A… They were located south of the New England colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. This area had good coastal harbors for shipping. Most of the early settlers depended on the fur trade and on farming for economic survival. It was because of its relative location between the New England Colonies and southern settlements in Virginia. Because of the ease of transport horses afforded, many colonists bought a horse as soon as they could afford its maintenance. high prices. Merchants became rich. It was named New York after the Duke of York, King James II's brother. Founding of the Middle Colonies. The price of a horse ranged from £5 - £1000, depending on breeding, speed, and ability. Major industry in the Middle Colonies included farming, forest and timber, coal, furs and iron ore. During the reign of King Charles II, property within these colonies was … The Middle Colonies were a part of the former Thirteen Colonies of the 18th century. The middle colonies represented exactly that — a middle ground between its neighbors to the North and South. The Middle colonies were made up of New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. New York Colony was originally New Amsterdam (founded in 1626 by Peter Minuit) but became New York in 1664. In 1664, James, the Duke of York, received control of New Netherland. In 1776, during the American Revolution, the Middle Colonies became independent of Britain as the states of … By the 1700s, cities were divided into 2. See Also: Colonial Lesson Plan Index. Ships carried food and timber There was a brisk business in trade. New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Massachusetts. At night, thieves roamed the unlit The Middle colonies were situated north of the Southern colonies of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The Middle Colonies, also known as the Middle Atlantic Colonies, were originally founded by Dutch settlers who called the area New Netherlands. Due to their central location, the Middle Colonies were able to be a place of important distribution to the colonies. Located in the middle of the Atlantic seaboard, their economies combined the industry of the North with the agriculture of the South. The New England and Middle Colonies UNIT. Free American History Games. The middle colonies were enriched by the culture of people from all over Europe, including Quakers, Scots, Irish, Dutch, French, Danes, Norwegians, Swedes, and more. The Middle colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware. The Middle Colonies The nine colonies whose early history we have traced were all established by Englishmen; but we have now to notice one, destined in future to be the most populous and wealthy community of them all, which was founded and controlled for forty years by a different people -- … The Middle Colonies Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan and tolerant than in New England. bakeries and taverns, fine craftsmen getting high prices for Q. Some ships returned with slaves. Major cities in Delaware Colony included Wilmington and Georgetown. Delaware Colony was established in 1638 by Peter Minuit. Major towns in New Jersey Colony included Trenton and Princeton. Major towns in New York Colony included New York City and Albany. The Middle Colonies became home to Dutch Mennonites, French Huguenots, German Baptists, Portuguese Jews, and English Anglicans. Free Video Clips. Caribbean and African storing cargo. Girls were tutored at home in a variety of household and social skills. New Jersey Colony was established in 1664 by English colonists. – Each had different land and different lifestyles. The Middle colonies extracted parts of its neighbors, like farming habits and spiritual sects, but the middle group managed to retain its own flavor. Under his guidance, Philadelphia became a fabulous city, with broad, tree-shaded streets, stone and brick houses, and a bustling port. King Charles II gave his brother James, the Duke of York, the land between New England and Virginia in 1664. Philadelphia grew into a thriving city. The Middle colonies spanned the Mid-Atlantic region of America and were temperate in climate, with warm summers and cold winters. slaves were traded on ships in the harbor. The Middle Colonies & Daily Life. The Middle Colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware were founded in the early to late 1600s depending on the colony. Climate and land were ideal for agriculture. Why was the Middle Colonies named the Middle Colonies? Delaware. The colonies later came under British control. English gentlemen in showy outfits. Local religious groups ran the schools in the middle colonies. The colony of New York was founded after England conquered New Netherland in the year 1664. Religious dissidents from all regions could settle in the relatively tolerant middle zone. The middle colonies were known for their freedom of religion. They were mostly catholic but civil unrest is Europe caused an influx of immigrants to the middle colonies and the new arrivals brought new religions. 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