There are many agave species that range in size and appearance, including: Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, The Best Low-Maintenance Succulents to Grow Outdoors, 21 Best Cactus Plants to Grow in Your Garden, 20 Best Tall Plants for Container Gardens. Agave or the century plant is used widely in rock gardens because of their ability to go weeks without water. It grows fairly large—4 feet tall by 5 feet wide—and looks like an enormous artichoke! Agave Plant. A few Agave species are polycarpic and can flower several times during their life. Mature plants are very drought tolerant. Agave is a succulent or water-retaining plant, originally from Mexico, which is also found in some parts of the United States and South America. As a desert plant, agave appreciates direct, abundant sunlight, and light water. Agaves generally have very few problems with pests and diseases. However, the appearance of the yellow flowers means that the plant is ready to die and reproduce. Since it can take years to produce seeds, Agaves are usually propagated by offsets. Use an antifungal agent occasionally to prevent infection. It just goes by different names. Give the plant a week or so to readjust before you water it again. No matter the reason, a blue agave plant is relatively easy to take care of with the right light and soil. There are also some that are variegated with gold or white markings. However, when you are first establishing a plant, water it every four or five days for the first month. Remove only offsets that have developed in a plant with several leaves. Simply separate one of these pups from the main plant using a sharp knife, leave it to dry for a few days and then plant … Soil. Century Plant (Agave) is a hardy survivor plant that can tolerate extreme heat and drought. Mealybugs and scale insects attach to the leaves and suck the juices out of them. Since feeding may encourage Agaves to bloom, it may lead to premature death. They require little maintenance, and can add an exotic touch to your landscaping. This desert jewel has gray-blue leaves with long, recurring spines that grow into a basal rosette. However, the agave snout weevil can burrow into a plant’s center to lay its eggs, causing the plant to collapse. The fox tail agave does not like to sit in soggy conditions, so a well-draining soil is vital to maintaining its health. They like full sunlight, although some shade is okay, too, and soil that’s sandy, rocky and free-draining. This is … Agave can be exceptional houseplants, depending on which one you buy. Agave americana care. This plant has attractive blue-green leaves and … Freezing temps makes the agave leaves turn black, ultimately drying up and dropping off. Repotting Agave can be tricky because of the sharp spikes and spines. The leaves of the Carribean agave are pale green in color with a creamy margin and… Century plant (Agave americana) is bracted instead of spined. If you notice your Agave becoming pot-bound, repot it with fresh soil in a new pot that is just slightly larger than the old one. Agave foliage tends toward a blue-green in hardier varieties and a gray-green in warm-climate varieties. Separate the offsets from the mother plant and remove all broken or damaged roots with a sharp knife. Elsewhere, check with your local Cactus & Succulent Society of America chapter. Agaves are grown for their dramatic foliage, not their flowers. Water more during the spring and summer growing seasons, letting soil dry between. When grown in an environment they like, they need very little supplemental care from you. Your agave plant should be near your home or on a patio space that gets heat from the house. The generic name "Agave" derives from the Greek "agavos," meaning "noble, admirable or splendid.". produces thick, fleshy, sword-shaped leaves. Mature agave plants are very drought tolerant. All rights reserved. Once an agave has flowered, the plant will slowly die but not before it has produced numerous offsets or suckers at the base that can be detached to start afresh. Sometimes referred to as the agave cactus, the agave plant (Agave spp.) The common name refers to the long time that plant takes to flower. The blue agave plant grows best in areas like the American Southwest and Mexico. Agaves earned the name “Century plants” because Agave americana was thought to only bloom after living for 100 years. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Allow the offsets to dry for one week and plant them in a pot with a well-draining soil mix. An agave plant typically recovers from frost when the cold temps only last a couple of hours. If the pot is overcrowded with roots, go ahead and cut the roots back. If you're in Tucson: Starr Nursery. Most plants only bloom once in their lifetime. When pruning an Agave, always wear heavy gloves, pants, long-sleeved shirts, and safety glasses to protect your skin and eyes from the leaf teeth, sharp spines, and contact with the sap. Agave plants will tolerate any well-draining soil, but their preference is rocky or sandy soil. Most species are monocarpic. Agave plants love going outside from spring to fall. Agave plants in containers will require more water than those in the ground and will need to be re-potted every year or so to replenish soil and root prune the plant. Just remember Agaves are somewhat prickly, and this is especially true of the larger varieties. These succulent plants have multi-layered rosettes of thick fleshy leaves with spiny margins that end in a sharp point. Sow the seeds in spring in a container with well-draining soil. Agaves will tolerate most soils as long as they have good drainage, but their preference is sandy or rocky soil. Agave is a genus of about 270 recognized species of succulent plants in the family Asparagaceae. Water the container about once a week in the summer and monthly in the winter. Agaves can be susceptible to bacterial and fungal rots if exposed to too much moisture and humidity. Even the smaller types … During the growing season, Agave plants like warm temperatures, while in winter, when resting, they like cooler temperatures. The leaves, stalks, flowers, and sap all are edible. However, throughout the lifetime, most of the Agaves produce rhizomatous suckers that grow into new plants. If you are growing Agave s indoors, choose a bright, sunny window with as much sun possible. Too much direct sunlight, when plants are not acclimated, can cause sunburn. Common Types of Agave Houseplants. Inspect the leaves of the agave plant for black spots. As with many succulent plants, agaves have shallow roots. So you can grow them in a shallow container because they don’t need much soil. When Agave plants flowering are ready to bloom, the plant shoots out a stalk that can grow up to 9 meters in height. For most agave species, once the flowers produce berry seed pods, the plant dies. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Agave Plant Care. The sap of an agave plant is quite irritating and the spines and sharp points are painful. When you are first establishing an Agave plant outdoors, water once or twice a week. It's typically best to plant this slow-growing succulent in the spring or early fall. Limit watering in fall and winter. Agave americana care – What are the requirements of caring for Agave americana? If you're in Southern CA, see my list of succulent nurseries and destinations. Moreover, most agaves prefer a climate with low humidity. Agave plants are slow growing plants that need little care as long as they are getting plenty of very bright light. How to Grow and Care for Agave americana Light: These plants require full sun to part shade. The Agave tequilana plant is from the Asparagaceae family of plants.It grows really fast, and they have large and pointy rosettes that resemble swords. Water the container about once a week in the summer and monthly in the winter. Agave plants prefer a spot with full sun, but they can tolerate a little shade. Typically, Agave plants do not need pruning unless they have any dead or diseased leaves. These plants require full sun to partial shade. With proper care, it can live up to 30 years in age. There are the large, stiff specimens that can grow to 10 feet or more in height and width. In some species, the inflorescences can reach more than 33 feet (10 m) in height. Overwatering may encourage fungal root rot. Agave Cactus Planting. Just make sure there is plenty of room to walk around it, so no one accidentally brushes against the spiny tips. Agave salmiana is a large growing plant, hence the name “Giant Agave.” Under ideal growing conditions, the succulent heightens up to 6’ feet and spreads up to 12’ feet. The flowers are bell-shaped and long-lasting in shades of white, yellow, and green. Wait until the surface of the soil is dry before watering. No matter which name it is called, the plant is striking wherever it is planted. In winter, water sparingly about once a month. So instead remove the plant to avoid the pests spreading to any other agaves you might have. When the plant matures, a tall, branched, or unbranched stalk grows out from the center of the rosette and produces a large number of long-lasting flowers. Where summer temps are extremely hot, they can tak e partial shade and still perform well. Like all succulents, Agave “blue glow” is an easy plant to care for, as it does not require particular care. Agave Common name: Century plant Grown for their striking appearance, these sculptural succulents cannot withstand frost so are usually grown in containers in conservatories or greenhouses. 4 Common Types of Agave Plant to Grow in Your Garden. You can remove these insects with a cotton ball dipped in some isopropyl rubbing alcohol. When agave matures after several years or even several decades, a tall flower stalk often grows out of the plant’s center. Most Agaves are relatively slow-growing, so even a larger variety can do well indoors for quite a while. generally are succulents with large leaves that end in spiny tips. Plan to repot your agave plant every couple of years with new soil. Agaves thrive on neglect. One large agave is all you need to make a sculptural focal point in the garden. The leaves vary in size, shape, texture, and colors. Originally this plant began in Mexico. Water when the soil is dry. You generally only need to water them if you've had a long stretch without rainfall and the soil is completely dry. Wait until the surface of the soil is dry before watering. Although these plants have been used as food for centuries, some Agave species contain toxic compounds that can cause mouth, throat, or skin irritation. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Agave seeds are black, flat, and vary in size. Botanical Name: Agave angustifolia. Agave Plant Care Basics photo credit Over Doz (CC BY-NC 2.0) Agaves thrive in full sun, all day long. Plan to repot your agave plant every couple of years with new soil. Always wear gloves when you repot an Agave as the sap could burn. A very hardy Agave from northeastern Mexico, Agave striata (Narrow Leaf Century Plant) is an evergreen, perennial succulent forming interesting rosettes of thin, gray-green leaves with a sharp, dark brown terminal spine. The optimum temperature range for this plant’s good growth is between 68°F to 95°F. But there are some, such as Agave parryi, that are reliably perennial to zone 5. To prune them, use strong shears, a long sharp knife, or a curved pruning saw that are sharp to minimize any tearing and injury to yourself. The Agave tequilana (also known as Weber’s Blue Agave or tequila agave) is a succulent plant native to North America, specifically Mexico. Agaves are popular as ornamental plants, as well as sources of food, beverage, medicine, and fiber. While many requirements of the agave plant are dependent upon the species, the type of soil is … If you are a very diligent caretaker and if you provide it with perfect conditions you will find that the agave will flower more often than once a century for you. The majority of agave plants can't tolerate frost and only can grow as far north as USDA growing zones 8 or 9. Just make sure the container can anchor the weight of the plant. Agave Plant Care Guide Written by Doityourself Staff. In fact, feeding encourages flowering, which you don’t want to happen too soon because most agave plants die after flowering. Give your Agaves a small amount of fertilizer in the spring during the first two years. Different varieties average 1 to 20 feet tall and 1 to 10 feet wide. on Jul 28, 2009. From spring to fall, water thoroughly your Agave when the soil becomes dry. Flowers are shortly tubular, in shades of white, yellow, and green, and produce capsule fruits. When the pot becomes full of roots, it has become pot-bound. Written by: Norman Category: Garden Ornamental Plants, Shrubs, Bulbs, Bromeliads And Ground Covers Published: April 30, 2019 Having success with growing and caring for the agave plant. Yellowing and shriveled leaves that are easy to break off is a sure sign of root rot. Established plants seem to take care of themselves. 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